What is the difference between Hemp and Cannabis?


  • May 9, 2022
  • /   Dr. Robert Hienzman
  • /   Post Tags
What is the difference between Hemp and Cannabis?

What is the difference between Hemp and Cannabis?


Hemp and Cannabis have been mistaken for one another quite often.

 What is it that makes these plants so similar and yet so different? In this article, you will explore the basic and finer points of the differences and similarities between Industrial Hemp and Cannabis Sativa.

Cannabis Sativa – Industrial Hemp
Cannabis Sativa or Industrial Hemp is a thin stalky plant, with long slender leaves that fan outward. Cannabaceae is cultivated for its fiber (bast fiber), its edible seeds, and recently its nutrients and cannabinoids, such as CBD, CBN, CBC, CBG, THC (0.3% is what is legally defined as Industrial Hemp.).

In the picture, you can see the resemblance of the Cannabis plant leaf. The green color. The thin long, fanned-out leaves with saw-shaped edges, though not sharp.

Cannabis Indica – Marijuana / Cannabis

Cannabis Indica or Marijuana / Weed / Ganja / etc. is another member of the Cannabaceae plant family and is a broad-leafed plant that produces resinous leaves and flowers containing various cannabinoids. The most dominant cannabinoid is THC, the compound in Cannabis that produces a psychoactive effect. Cannabis can produce CBD and other cannabinoids, though not as much as its relative Hemp.

The Male Cannabis Plant is NOT Hemp

Thicker, sturdier stalks with fewer leaves on male plants. A male cannabis plant, compared to a female plant of the same strain, generally has a thicker stalk. That is because it gets taller than female plants and needs to be able to support the weight. They also have fewer leaves than female plants.


Difference between male and female cannabis

The above image is credited to WikiHow for helping us identify the male and female cannabis plants. Many people believe that Hemp is the male form of Cannabis; however, this is false. According to WikiHow, the identification process has a few steps. The male plant has thicker, and sturdier stalks with fewer leaves, and the female cannabis plant has much more foliage cover, and the stalk is thinner.

In fact, it is a good idea to regularly check the sex of your cannabis plants through July and September to ensure that a sex change has not occurred, as female plants are prone to changing into a male plants when not monitored closely. Male plants are not used in general cannabis cultivation and are usually only used in breeding situations.

Benefits of Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil

First, allow me to be clear, the associated benefits of Hemp oil in full spectrum have been studied and publicly published for the world to learn from. These benefits are in no way to describe or be associated as a treatment, cure, remedy, or diagnosis for any ailments, illnesses, diseases, sicknesses, or disabilities from which you or someone you know may suffer. 

These published studies are shared as public knowledge, for the sake of public education and open availability of opinion. No articles shared were written on behalf of Heartland Hemp Inc. nor any of its subsidiaries or affiliates. The following descriptions are brief. 

Full-spectrum Hemp Oil Does Not Get You High

Industrial Hemp extracted in full spectrum is not something that is meant to get you high. 

What full-spectrum hemp oil is great for, however, is regulating your bodily functions, assisting with natural pain relief, focus, and helping you have a restful sleep. We discovered that many users with medical needs find comfort with full-spectrum hemp oil.

The benefits of full-spectrum hemp oil in are:


  • Pain Relief
  • Gastrointestinal Relief (Stomach Pain / Nausea / Trouble Eating)
  • Focus and Memory Retention
  • Stress Relief
  • Regulated Sleep Cycle
  • Improved Immunity
  • All Natural Antidepressant without dependency or withdraw

“So, why is everyone interested in CBD oil, and what’s the deal with ‘full spectrum’? “

More and more people are becoming interested in CBD because of its incredible ability to help people with pain and sleep issues by resolving those problems naturally, without the psychoactive effect, and without worrying about having a positive urinalysis (drug screen). So why are people starting to surround full-spectrum hemp products over isolate? Isn’t the THC illegal to have?

The answer will surprise you…

The THC inside of Heartland Hemp Inc.’s Heartland CBD product line is legal because it contains under 0.3% THC by weight, which is what legally defined as industrial Hemp and allows our full spectrum hemp to be sold throughout the United States. To help us double-check our potency and cannabinoid levels, we trust EVIO Labs to test our products and ensure we meet the highest safety standards. 

As part of our guarantee, all of our hemp leaves and other ingredients we receive, use in our manufacturing process, and ship out must have a complete and up-to-date COA (Certificate of Analysis). 

Okay, so why the whole “Full Spectrum” thing? What’s the point? Isn’t CBD all I need?

Actually, CBD by itself is essentially wasteful to use in terms of human consumption because it does not directly fit or interact with any of your CB1 or CB2 receptors. Without the other cannabinoids by its side, it cannot fully produce any alleviating effects without consistent dosing over a period of weeks or even months. Providing the other cannabinoids for CBD to work with allows them to work together in unison, in what is called the Entourage Effect, which is what is described by Doctor Sanjay Gupta as the cannabinoids working together towards a common goal. 

However, the definition of entourage is a group of people who surround an important person, which we feel describes what the carrier oils do for the cannabinoids, providing a surrounding platform on which they can perform. The cannabinoids coming together is what we prefer to call the Ensemble Effect, which is where the cannabinoids come together harmoniously, activating and stimulating CB1, CB2, TRPV1, and TRPV2 receptors.

So what does it all do? What happens when I take full-spectrum hemp oil? Will I get high?

No, you will not get high or fail a drug screen from taking full-spectrum Hemp oil. The oil contains less than 0.3% THC by volume, which is nowhere near enough for any sort of reaction mentally, however, it is just enough of the cannabinoid to assist the others in the process of entering the endocannabinoid system, and without its presence, the other cannabinoids are that much less effective.

Common Benefits of Cannabis Oil

Oils made with Cannabis Sativa are no less valuable than Full Spectrum Hemp Oil; however, it is common that Cannabis Oils are generally used in medical and terminally ill individuals to ease the more extreme situations that they go through in their daily lives. Cannabis, which tends to be rich in THC, will help individuals with more challenging situations mentally speaking.

The benefits most commonly associated with Cannabis Oil are:


  • Cancer Cell Destruction 
  • Tumor Reduction / Prevention
  • All Natural Anti-depressant without dependency or withdraw
  • Appetite Stimulant
  • Increase of Energy (Sativa)
  • Powerful Sleep Aid (Indica)

Where do I get Cannabis Oil? Is it right for me?


First off, you have live in a state where Cannabis is at least medically available such as Colorado, California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, Florida, New York, Massachusetts, or one of the many other states who have legalized Cannabis for medical and recreational use. You will be able to locate your cannabis products by visiting a local dispensary. 

To make the best decision for you, review the benefits in this article and ask yourself which description fits your situation the closest, and of course, ensure that you are legally allowed to have what you would like to have. 



About the Author
LDr. J. Robert Heinzman, CEO of Heartland Hemp & disabled veteran, co-founded our company in 2017 after having experienced the benefits of hemp in easing his joint & muscle pains. Dr. Heinzman, like many of his fellow vets, retained aches & pains attributed to service life. He was taking 1200 mg of Ibuprofen (Motrin) & occasional prescription of codeine to ease the shooting & localized pains.

In early 2017 his son Joseph mentioned the benefits of CBD made from Cannabis & Hemp extracts. Joseph, having spent the last few years learning extraction & formulation in Mt. Shasta, California, applied his expertise to Hemp to provide a non-psychoactive, drug-free solution to help Dr. Heinzman.

The outcome was better than expected, with Dr. Heinzman feeling as much as twenty years younger.

Today Dr. Heinzman provides strategy, operations management, and is customer “zero”. He has not taken an aspirin, Ibuprofen, or any other type of painkiller since he began using HHI Hemp CBD. His preference of 300 mg oil is all that he has taken. Dr. Heinzman continues to purchase the oil at the same prices listed in our shop for veterans.

Dr. Heinzman & Heartland Hemp hope you find the same comfort and Life Alleviation as he has.
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