Cannabis Sativa (Hemp) & Cannabis Indica (Medical Marijuana–MMJ)
What is the difference between Hemp and Cannabis?
Hemp and Cannabis have been mistaken for one another quite often.
What is it that makes these plants so similar, and yet so different? In this article, you will explore the basic and finer points of the differences and similarities between Industrial Hemp and Cannabis Sativa.
Cannabis Sativa – Industrial Hemp
Cannabis Sativa or Industrial Hemp is a thin stalky plant, with long thin leaves that fan outward. Cannabaceae cultivated for its fiber (bast fiber), its edible seeds, and recently it’s nutrients and cannabinoids, such as CBD, CBN, CBC, CBG, THC (0.3% is what is legally defined as Industrial Hemp.).
In the picture, you are able to see the resemblance of the Cannabis plant leaf. The green color. The thin long fanned out leaves with saw-shaped edges, though not sharp.
Cannabis Indica – Marijuana / Cannabis
Cannabis Indica or Marijuana / Weed / Ganja / etc., another member of the Cannabaceae plant family, Hashish, Marijuana, and her many variations in name is a broad-leafed plant that produces resinous leafs and flowers that contain various cannabinoids, where the most dominant cannabinoid is THC, the compound in Cannabis that produces a psychoactive effect. It is known that Cannabis is able to produce CBD and other cannabinoids as well, though not as much as it’s relative Hemp.
The Male Cannabis Plant is NOT Hemp
Thicker, sturdier stalks with fewer leaves on male plants. A male plant, compared to a female plant of the same strain, generally has a thicker stalk. That is because it gets taller than female plants and needs to be able to support the weight. They also have fewer leaves than female plants.
Image is credited to WikiHow for helping us identify the male and female cannabis plants. Many people believe that Hemp is the male form of Cannabis, however, this is false. According to WikiHow, the identification process has a few steps. In the quote it describes the male plant has having thicker and sturdier stalks with fewer leaves.
The female cannabis plant is clearly has much more foliage cover, and the stalk is thin.
In fact, it is a good idea to regularly check the sex of your cannabis plants through July and September to ensure that a sex change has not occurred, as female plants are prone to changing into a male plant when not monitored closely. Male plants are not used in general cannabis cultivation, and are usually only used in breeding situations.
Benefits of Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
First, allow me to be clear, the associated benefits of Hemp oil in full spectrum have been studied and publicly published for the world to learn from. These benefits are in no way to describe or be associated as a treatment, cure, remedy, or diagnosis for any ailments, illnesses, diseases, sicknesses, or disabilities from which you or someone you know may suffer. These published studies are shared as public knowledge, for the sake of public education, and open availability of opinion. No articles shared were written on behalf of Heartland Hemp Inc. nor any of its subsidiaries or affiliates. The following descriptions are brief. For a full list of benefits, be sure to review our benefits page.
Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Does Not Get You High
Industrial Hemp extracted in full spectrum is not something that is meant to have fun or party with, because hemp CBD nor full spectrum hemp oil will get you high.
What it is great for, however, is regulating your bodily functions, assisting with natural pain relief, focus, and having a good nights sleep among other things. We discovered that many users with medical needs are finding comfort with full spectrum hemp oil. The benefits of hemp oil in full spectrum are:
- Pain Relief
- Gastrointestinal Relief (Stomach Pain / Nausea / Trouble Eating)
- Focus and Memory Retention
- Stress Relief
- Regulated Sleep Cycle
- Improved Immunity
- All Natural Anti-depressant without dependency or withdraw
“So, why is everyone interested in CBD oil anyway? And what’s the deal with ‘full spectrum’ ? “
More and more people are becoming interested in CBD because of it’s incredible ability to help people with pain and sleep issues by resolving those problems naturally, without the psychoactive effect, and without worrying about having a positive urinalysis (drug screen). So why are people starting to surround full spectrum hemp products over isolate? Isn’t the THC illegal to have?
The answer will surprise you…
The THC inside of Heartland Hemp Inc.’s Heartland CBD product line is legal because it contains under 0.3% THC by weight which is what legally defines industrial hemp, and what allows our full spectrum hemp to be sold throughout the United States, and to help us double check our potency and cannabinoid levels, we trust EVIO Labs to test our products and ensure we meet our safety standards. As a matter of fact, our hemp leaf and all other items we receive, use, and ship out must have a complete and up to date COA (Certificate of Analysis) There are no stepping stones in the industry on which one can lightly step. Falsified documents are all too common in this still very new industry, misleading labels, and poor manufacturing practice are all subject to occurring anywhere, so always practice safety when shopping, especially with anyone new to you. On that same note, we encourage you to compare products and leave reviews to help others.
Okay, so why the whole “Full Spectrum” thing? What’s the point? Isn’t CBD all I need?
Actually, CBD by itself is essentially wasteful to use in terms of human consumption, because it does not directly fit or interact with any of your CB1 or CB2 receptors. Without the other cannabinoids by it’s side, it is unable to fully produce any alleviating effects without consistent dosing over a period of weeks or even months. Providing the other cannabinoids for CBD to work with, allows them to work together in unison, in what is called the Entourage Effect which is what is described by Doctor Sanjay Gupta as the cannabinoids working together towards a common goal, however the definition of entourage is a group of people who surround an important person, which we feel describes what the carrier oils do for the cannabinoids, which is providing a surrounding platform on which they can perform. The cannabinoids coming together is what we prefer to call the Ensemble Effect, which is where the cannabinoids come together harmoniously, activating and stimulating CB1, CB2, TRPV1, and TRPV2 receptors.
So what does it all do? What happens when I take full-spectrum hemp oil? Will I get high?
No, you will not get high or fail a drug screen from taking full-spectrum hemp oil. The oil contains less than 0.3% THC by volume, which is nowhere near enough for any sort of reaction mentally, however, it is just enough of the cannabinoid to assist the others in the process of entering the endocannabinoid system, and without its presence, the other cannabinoids are that much less effective.
Common Benefits of Cannabis Oil
Oils made with Cannabis Sativa are no less valuable than Full Spectrum Hemp Oil, however, it is noticed that Cannabis Oils are generally used in medical and terminally ill individuals to ease the more extreme situations that they go through in their daily lives. Cannabis, which tends to be rich in THC will help individuals with more challenging situations mentally speaking. The benefits most commonly associated with Cannabis Oil are:
- Cancer Cell Destruction
- Tumor Reduction / Prevention
- All Natural Anti-depressant without dependency or withdraw
- Appetite Stimulant
- Increase of Energy (Sativa)
- Powerful Sleep Aid (Indica)
Where do I get Cannabis Oil? Is it right for me?
First, you have to be in a legal state where Cannabis is at least medically available. If you live in Colorado, California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, Florida, New York, Massachusetts, or one of the many other states who have legalized cannabis for medical and recreational use, you will be able to locate your cannabis products by visiting a local dispensary.
How do I know which cannabis products are right for me?
The difference between the Hemp world and the Cannabis world is primarily the available variety of strains, meaning Industrial Hemp has many different strains, and Cannabis has many different strains, however there are restrictions for Industrial Hemp that do not allow the production of flourishing of other hemp strains, where Cannabis has had the time to grow in large varieties, with each one providing different benefits. Looking into our Advanced Cannabinoids sections will help you learn more.
Hemp has a wide range of cannabinoids, so does that mean Cannabis does the same?
The answer to this is yes, Cannabis does produce the same cannabinoids as hemp, and hemp produces the same cannabinoids as cannabis, however, they do not produce the same yields of cannabinoids.
Hemp will have higher amounts of CBG, CBN, CBC, CBD, THCV, and CBDV because of its lower production of THC.
Cannabis will produce very high concentrations of THC which takes up a majority of the plants’ contents, however, it will produce light amounts of CBD and CBC on a strain to strain and grow to grow basis. CBG will remain around the same levels on either side, and CBC will also show up in certain genetics of cannabis.
Cannabis V.S. Hemp – Which Is Better?
Knowing whether Cannabis or Hemp is right for you is a little bit of research and a little bit of self-experimentation.
To make the best decision for you, review the benefits in this article and ask yourself which description fits your situation the closest, and of course, ensure that you are legally allowed to have what you would like to have.
How can I learn more about cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system?
Heartland Hemp Inc. is pulling together the research and compiling it together onto the Heartland Hemp Inc. website in order to help better educate individuals in the sciences behind cannabis and hemp. Look for our advanced articles!
#updated on November 20th 2018 @ 9:28 PM – Joseph Edwards
This Article is subject to updates and alteration to include more accurate and up to date information. This article will be maintained and updated often. Stay up to date with the latest knowledge in hemp by bookmarking us!
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